Bladder Symptoms


Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) are a group of symptoms also referred to as overactive and underactive bladder. LUTS are uncomfortable and can lead to a severe decline in the overall quality of life.

Overactive bladder symptoms include:

  • Frequency: The need to urinate often during the day
  • Nocturia: The need to urinate two or more times at night
  • Urgency: Sudden, strong need to urinate immediately
  • Urge Incontinence: Leaking of urine after a sudden, strong urge to urinate

Underactive bladder symptoms include:

  • Hesitancy: Taking a while to get started
  • Intermittency: Inconsistent flow, starts and stops
  • Weak stream: Weak, non-vigorous flow of urine
  • Urinary retention: Inability to fully void the bladder

Incidences of BPH increase significantly as the population ages. Middle-aged men in their forties are the first to suffer from the uncomfortable Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms associated the BPH as 8% of men in their 40’s have histological BPH and 26% suffer from LUTS. However, those figures change significantly as men reach their 60’s as 50% of men in their 60’s are diagnosed with histological BPH with 33% of them suffering from related LUTS. As men continue to age incidences of histological BPH and associated LUTS skyrocket (Table 1).




Table 1. Percentage of the male population suffering from BPH and LUTS

*J. Urol. 2008 April: 179(4); 1243-1256